Our Jewish fellow citizens.

 

It is a requirement of fairness to also report in this book about our former Jewish citizens, despite their numerically small proportion of the population in the district Angerburg. Most of the Jewish citizens lived in the district town of Angerburg and were tradesmen. In Angerburg, the number of Jews, amounted to in 1816: 3, 1839: 16, 1849: 28, 1885: 65, 1902: 57, 1921: 40, 1937: 35 (Deutsches Städtebuch Bd. 1).

In the Königsberger Straße, corner Alter Markt, Max Radinowski had the bigest textile shop "E. Jaruslawsky". The shoe shop of his brother, Albert Radinowski, was at the Alter Markt. Both were long-established businesses there. Albert R. was an active member of the rifle association (Schützengilde). Alfred Simon possessed a shoeware shop that also lay in the Königsberger Straße. Up until the thirties, there stood the manufactured goods  business of Simon Cohn, owner Georg Cohn. The wife of Georg Cohn sang as soprano in the Women’s choir and participated in performances of large choir works in the Evangelical church. Her husband had taken charge of his father’s business. His father was until the First World War a councillor and a respected personality of our city. His oldest son Felix, a high honoured officer, died already in the first part of the First World War. Likewise, Kurt Katzki had a business for working clothes in the Königsberger Straße. At the Holzmarkt, Isidor Arschinowitz operated an ambulatory textile trade. Joseph Lehmann, Bahnhofstraße worked as horse dealer. The same applies for Daniel Friedmann, Gumbinner Straße, a very patriotically disposed man and with his white hair had a a dignified appearance, who also dealt with natural (raw) products. Further, one notes Siegmund Kari, who was also a product dealer. Charles Levy was a dentist at the Alter Markt.

 

In Rosengarten lived the family of the merchant Bohm, who operated a shop there, and in Possessern (Großgarten) there lived family Pscherowski with the same business. Finally, the family Löwenstein should be mentioned who had a grocery and manufacturing business in Jorkowen (Jorken), a  little village nearly Angerburg Thus probably all Jewish families resident in our home-area of Angerburg are enumerated. What was the fate of these Jewish fellow citizens? The efforts toward clarifying this did not have complete success. The Israeli embassy in Germany and Irgun Olej Merkas Europa,  the organisation for Jewish immigrants from Central Europe Israel, despite full cooperation could not help. So one was reliant, to a large extent, on information from private people, but which because of the connections to the Jewish compatriots is likely to be quite reliable.

 

Most Jewish citizens suffered a very sorrowful fate during the Hitler-regime. Initially a business boycott, repudiation by the community, vilification through the sown-on Star of David, then ill-treatments, executions, gassing or death by other ways- that was the well-known fate of this heavy scrutinised group of people. On the so-called “Kristallnacht” (8 November 1938), after the Jewish men had been arrested, there were assaults. Only a few Jewish people could bring themselves to safety on time before the infernal activities. That applies to the family of George Cohn, who could emigrate still early enough to Brazil. If the source reference is correct, they found an existence there as farmers. Simon Cohn and his wife died already before 1933. The fate of his youngest Son Bruno (lawyer) and daughter Elly is unknown. Also, Katzki immigrated to USA. In 1972 the family resettled to Israel. Dentist Levy, who was war-injured and was married to a Christian wife (daughter of the locksmith Schulz) had to move to Königsberg during the war. There, the Levis survived the bad years despite temporary imprisonment and harassments of various kinds, which also extended to their children. The author found the family after the Russian occupation of Königsberg, in a house in Batockistraße. Whilst the son Bernd and the daughter Traute, after a stop-over in Berlin, emigrated with their parents to USA, the oldest daughter Marlo, who was married to a Jew, died with her husband and her child (9 months old) in Auschwitz. Charles Levy died around 1967. According to reliable information, the married couple Friedmann were able to save themselves by emigrating in time with their son Siegbert and his wife Eva (daughter of Max Radinowski) to Auckland (New Zealand). Whereas their son Bruno, who turned [?] to Berlin died in the East of the country. The horse-dealer Lehmann, whose wife had already died before in their hometown, died by falling down stairs in Berlin, where like many others Jews he hoped to be safer from access. Son Leo could flee to London with his family in 1939, whereas daughter Clara, who was married to a Non-Jew, survived the satanic activities in Berlin.  Daughter Betty had already found in 1934 a refugee homeland in the USA. Albert Radinowski and his wife likewise hoped to submerge better in Berlin but in vain. Both were transported from there to the East and perished. According to unconfirmed statements, they were seen by by Landsern (German soldiers) in Poland when they were transported for shooting (or gassing?). Three children of Albert were able to find a new homeland in the United States; On the other hand, the husband and the son of the daughter Selma found the usual sad end. Furthermore Max Radinowski was transported from Berlin; he was presumably also gassed. His wife had committed suicide before. The children could escape from the inferno. Daughter Ulla now lives in Brazil, her brother in New Zealand. The fate of the daughter Eva was already discussed above. The son of Alfred and Tilly (nee Jaruslawsky) Simon, also died (that always means killed). The Arschinowitz couple met the same fate. Their son Joe lives in Philadelphia (USA). Siegmund Kari was able to escape to England. Whether his wife, who lived first in a camp in the proximity of Berlin, also succeeded could not be established. The oldest son Alfred went to Palestine for agricultural training. Son Erich was also active in agriculture, however nothing more about him is known. The family Pscherowski escaped to America and now lives in New York.  The fates of the families Löwenstein and Bohm are unknown. One knows that a daughter of the family Bohm lives in San Francisco (USA).

 

The Jewish people, and also the Jewish fellow citizens in our district, had found a terrible fate, due to the insanity of an extermination-mad regime. Respectable fellow countrymen were victims of merciless sadism. The atrocities committed are a black chapter in German history. We want to perpetuate a commemoration of the Jewish fellow inhabitants of our home district.

 

report of Otto Sadlack (with statements of Josef Smuda and Martha Levy, nee Schulz), out of E. Pfeiffers book "Der Kreis Angerburg" 1973.

translation: Peter Lowe

Following additions have been reported by Andrzej Zubkowicz:

Deported from Berlin was also MAX RADINOWSKI; supposably he ended up in a gas chamber. His wife had been committed suicide before. MAX RADINKOWSKI was transported from Berlin to Ausschwitz on Feb, 3,1943, and was killed there. (Source: Berlin Gedenkbuch (Memorial book) of Jewish victims of Nationalism, Free University of Berlin, Central Institute of Social Research, Edition "Hentrich", Berlin 1995).

At another place, Otto Sadlack writes:


SIEGMUND KARI was able to escape to England . If his wife managed to escape also had been unknown first. She had lived in a camp close to Berlin . KLARA KARI, SIEGMUND's wife has been murdered (killed ?) on April 20, 1943 in Ausschwitz. She had been transported off from Neuendorf.

From Alfred Simon we received another information, about Mrs. MATHILDE (alias 'Tilly') born JARUSLAWSKY in 1889 in Angerburg, East-Prussia. She had been transported from Berlin to Ausschwitz on March 1, 1943 and had been killed there. (This information is also from same source as of MAX RADINOWSKI's whereabouts).

translation: Gisela Sanders